Adenoma of the prostate gland and its treatment
- Anatomy gland of the male reproductive apparatus
- main functions performed by the prostate
- Diseases of the prostate prostate
- therapy in benign prostatic
- tumor tumor markers in diagnostic practice
- process of removing malignant tumors
prostate gland or prostate - unpaired eccrine androgen-dependent organ in men.Through it passes urinary canal. to prostate disease include inflammation, tumors, prostate adenoma, which has a feature to increase continuously without stopping.
For a better understanding of the disease need to refer to the body structure.
Anatomy of the male reproductive system gland
iron Externally similar to the chestnut, is located on the urogenital diaphragm in the front lower part of the small pelvis below the bladder.There are front and rear share inferolateral surface, the tip facing up base, it is adjacent to the bottom of the bladder, seminal vesicles, vas deferens.It is compos
prostate is associated with the urethra, which begins in the bladder, the penis ends.Connected to the urethra gland ducts small, it moves them secret.Channels urethra carries two vas deferens, they carry sperm from the testicles.
channel carries urine from the bladder during intercourse from the urethra erupts sperm.At the time of the eruption seed prostate squeezes the urethra, thereby missing the opportunity to reach the bladder seminal fluid, urine and seminal fluid.Urethra passes through the prostate.Her diseases affect the quality of urination, causing the symptoms of many other diseases.
prostate gland Blood supply is provided by smaller arterial branches extending from the bladder and rectum.Venous blood in the venous plexus, is transported into the lower veins of the bladder.They are associated with the internal iliac vein.The internal iliac lymph nodes are associated with the lymphatic system.The nervous system of the prostate originates in the prostatic plexus, which empties into the sympathetic and parasympathetic fibers.The nerve fibers of the prostate have a connection with the nerves of the bladder, the rectum, the seminal vesicles, vas deferens, bulbous-cavernous formations.The potent combination of pelvic organs with the disease of one organ leads to other disease.The slightest pain during urination process should serve as an occasion to survey.In men older than 50 years, often adenoma or benign prostatic hyperplasia.
main functions performed by the prostate
prostate - supporting iron in the male body, having exocrine and endocrine function, it is gormonalnozavisimym body responding to androgen produced by the testes and adrenal glands, are capable in certain concentrationscause androgenesis (egg development with the male nucleus entered it during fertilization), virilization (development of male secondary sexual characteristics in both sexes).The prostate gland performs the functions of: barrier, secretory, motor, endocrine.
motor function is performed by the smooth muscle fibers and release secretions during ejaculation.Barrier function does not penetrate into the microorganisms from the urethra into the upper urinary tract, it is carried out by zinc-peptide complex of lysozyme and cellular immune factors.
endocrine function - the production of special compounds transporting blood flow through the body, the compounds are active at the points of their own localization.These include prostaglandins, proteins-regulators.The secretory function - this is the secret of the production of eggs for fertilization.When long periods of sexual activity, this function is extinguished, production of hormones is disrupted.In violation of the prostate is altered, develop all kinds of diseases, malignant tumors, hypertrophy.
Diseases of the prostate gland
Diseases of the prostate and related sexual disorders suffer from 25-55% of men.Many people diagnosed with chronic prostatitis.
Enlarged prostate - a source of frustration when urinating: stagnation arise that prevent the outflow of urine.May develop benign prostatic hyperplasia.For the diagnosis applied finger and rectal methods, ultrasound, biopsy, CT scan, MRI, laboratory tests (blood and urine).
On the development of disease symptoms following evidence: difficulty initiating urination, interruption of the jets, seems insufficient emptying of the urinary bladder.For adenomas are characterized by frequent urination, imperative (sudden, formidable) urge to urinate.If there are any similar symptoms requires careful examination.Benign prostatic hyperplasia - a common disease, it leads to urinary tract obstruction.During his prostate is enlarged.There are nodules, they grow and press on the urethra, urination impaired, it is a sign of disease.
therapy for benign prostate tumor
prostate adenoma Treatment - this medication and operational methods.The upcoming prostate surgery is superior to conservative treatment.The indications for it are recurrent urinary retention, presence of stones zaprostatnogo space, frequent night urination, frustrating normal sleep.Acute complete urinary retention may occur with hypertrophy of the prostate, which is often called an adenoma.When prostate cancer treatment is a subsidiary body massage.Massage should carry out specialists with the massage technique.This special stimulation massager can be used.
prevent the development of benign prostatic hyperplasia can not be, this is one of the manifestations of male menopause.Appointed diet to ensure intake of nutrients and protection against harmful factors.The diet should include selenium and zinc, reducing swelling.Meals should be balanced diet in the diet reduced salt content.
Surgery to remove the prostate adenoma - cutting off the tissue, preventing urination, urination compressing channel, form a stagnation of urine.If time does not resort to the treatment of adenomas, cancer may occur.Among malignant tumors can occur very rare globular or ovoid tumor - sarcoma of the prostate, it affects children and young men.The surface is smooth or bumpy tumors, it may be a soft or dense structure.Sarcoma of the prostate grows rapidly, affects the entire prostate, reaching gigantic proportions, in the histological analysis revealed numerous abnormalities.
Tumor markers in diagnostic practice
tumor or tumor markers: what is it?These include substances of various nature, are in body fluids (urine, blood) to a certain concentration.They contribute to the study of the body, indicating the presence of a tumor.Tumour - complex protein molecules that are produced by cancer cells, healthy cells surrounding the tumor in high concentrations.
Modern diagnostics of cancer associated with early detection of the pathological process, one of the most effective ways of which is a blood test to detect specific tumor markers, which is an important factor in maintaining the patient's health and treatment.With the help of markers set the type of tumor (benign or malignant), assess the quality of the therapy, early detection of metastases.A small number of tumor markers in the blood can be kept completely healthy people diagnostic thresholds used.The main oncomarkers are: prostate marker of liver cancer, rectum, pancreas, ovaries.
high serum PSA levels may indicate the development of pathological changes in the body, which is a cancer of the body.Primary diagnosis of prostate diseases suggests as a criterion for the effectiveness of cancer therapy, the use of PSA.Norma conditionally accepted the value of total PSA in the serum of 4 ng / ml.The reasons for an elevated PSA and abnormal may be ischemia or myocardial prostate, prostatitis, prostate adenoma.
prostate specific antigen - is the most informative and reliable marker, the study of which the blood is required for the diagnosis and monitoring of prostate adenoma.prostate adenoma - a benign prostatic hyperplasia, which is a benign tumor of epithelial or stromal component of the prostate.When hyperplasia produces small nodules, which are beginning to squeeze the urinary canal from the gradual sprawl.When BPH is a process of displacement of their own breast tissue and the formation of the capsule at gaining height and size of the tumor.Removal of benign prostatic hyperplasia include open prostatectomy, endoscopic laser enucleation, TOUR.
process of removing malignant tumors
TUR (transurethral resection of the prostate) is a process to remove a malignant tumor (adenocarcinoma, sarcoma), endoscopic surgery to remove the entire gland or a portion thereof in the treatment of larger body.It is conducted under general or spinal anesthesia.With general anesthesia the patient off of consciousness, provided analgesia (insensitivity to pain), amnesia (loss of memory of process operation), relaxation (relaxation of the muscles of the patient's body).
With spinal anesthesia for some time, turn off the pain conducting nerves in certain segments.The analgesic agent is administered in about the spine of these nerves.In carrying out the procedure uses the patient's position - sitting or lying on its side.Selecting the position of anesthesiologist performed after processing the injection site is carried out anesthesia puncture site.The operation takes about an hour, the surgeon inserted through the urethra an instrument for the study of internal cavities (endoscope, cystoscope).To remove an enlarged prostate share introduce a special surgical instrument.
Before surgery patients repeatedly examined by a doctor, performed by qualified inspection, carried out some tests.Are identified concomitant diseases: cardiovascular and pulmonary, diabetes, high blood pressure.Patients should stop smoking.After surgery, the bladder catheter is removed, in the absence of complications the patient is discharged from hospital.For a while, a man experiencing cramps, a little pain when urinating.
best prevention of prostate disease - a healthy lifestyle, fortified food, physical activity, diet, sport, cycling.