hypertrophy of the prostate gland in men
- Home of prostate
- causes of hypertrophy tissue cancer
- and disease and symptom
- Symptoms and consequences
- Timely diagnosis - the key to quality treatment
- conservative method
hypertrophy of the prostate gland are more andoften diagnosed in our time.Benign prostatic hypertrophy was the most frequently occurring benign tumor in men.About 40% of the representatives of the strong half of humanity at the age of 60 years suffer from this disease.
often used in urology definition: prostatic disease, benign prostatic hypertrophy, prostatoma, prostate adenoma, adenomatous dyshormonal prostatopatiya.All these names - synonyms and describe the same type of benign prostatic hyperplasia (enlarged prostate).
Home of prostate
prostate gland - is a gland of the male reproductive body.
prostate is located between the rectum and the bladder.its growth begins during fetal development in the
An adult male gland is shaped like a truncated cone or chestnut.prostate weight is about 18 grams.The normal size of the prostate is considered to be the following figures: 3 cm / 3 cm / 2 cm (length / width / thickness).The boundary of acceptable size - 4.5 cm / 4 cm / 2.3 cm average volume of the prostate -. 20-30 square centimeters
main function of the prostate gland in the male body:
- During normal operation, the prostate gland provides high-quality and high-grade man intercourse.Smooth muscle sphincter prostate provide a decent level of ejaculation.
- prostate gland helps to avoid the man of infectious diseases, which in the future may lead to infertility.On the border with prostate urethra sphincter, preventing the spread upward path of bacteria and viruses, perform a protective role.
- prostatic secretion protects and nourishes sperm.
causes of hypertrophy of the prostate tissue
During embryonic formation of the fruit of prostate tissue are formed by bundles Müllerian ducts (women have formed the uterus).That is why the cells of the prostate gland that surrounds the urethra, are very sensitive to female sex hormones.It is thought that hypertrophy of the prostate gland in men after 45-50 years develops because of this feature.This
aged products, and hence the number of male hormones, is greatly reduced.The prevalence of female hormones promotes the proliferation of prostate tissue.That's why the prostate increases in aging male body.
No medical evidence about the impact of sexually active men in the development of prostatic hypertrophy.There is no direct evidence and direct pathological effects of alcohol and nicotine on the process of prostate growths.These factors make nuances in the process of formation of benign enlargement of the prostate gland indirectly impairing the degree of blood circulation in the pelvic organs.
and disease and symptom
hypertrophy of the prostate can grow and exist as an independent pathological condition, and can be a symptom of many diseases of the genitourinary system man.For example, an enlarged prostate is determined at the time of the survey in acute and chronic prostatitis, prostate cancer, with some sexually transmitted diseases.
Symptoms and consequences
With a slight increase in the prostate at the initial stages of formation of benign prostatic hypertrophy can occur without symptoms.And he starts to bother the patient, when expanding, compresses the lumen of the urethra, which passes through the thickness of the prostate gland.
And often, this process develops gradually:
- man complains of general weakness, malaise, decreased work capacity and increased irritability;
- patient suffers frequent night urination, which are not accompanied by a complete emptying of the bladder and bring no relief;
- weak urine stream, intermittent.In parallel, an enlarged prostate leads to pererastyagivaniyu the bladder wall, which provokes pain in the suprapubic region, the lower back;
- disruption of the normal urine excretion contributes to changing the acidity of urine and leads to the formation of stones in the urinary system.During this period, it weakens the protective function of the prostate.Seamlessly bacterial infection rises to the bladder and kidneys, causing cystitis and pyelonephritis.
Eventually these pathological conditions may lead to the development of renal failure.
With the progression of the growth process of urine may be drops or stop completely.Acute urinary retention needs emergency medical (possibly surgical) care.
Timely diagnosis - the key to quality treatment
Prevent serious complications will help early diagnosis of the disease.
performed digital rectal prostate research Turning men into the clinic doctor.In this test, the doctor will determine the consistency and the size of the prostate gland, to further define the scope of instrumental and laboratory examination of the patient.
From laboratory research methods is informative clinical blood and urine analysis.
From instrumental techniques commonly prescribed prostate transrectal ultrasound (TRUS).This method is non-invasive, affordable and very informative.It enables you to view the structure, the size of the prostate gland and surrounding urogenital organs, assess the condition of the circulatory system of a small basin.
TRUS can be conducted in parallel with the capture of prostate tissue (biopsy) to determine the exact type and nature of the growths.
In the early stages of the disease cope with the increased size of the prostate gland will help drug therapy, prostate massage, hip baths with herbs.
When attached bacterial infection prescribe antibiotics.Additionally, prescribers to improve the permeability of urine on the bladder and urethra.Of drugs to help cope with pain and symptom of prostate hypertrophy.
All treatments must be assigned a doctor and carried out under his close supervision.
Nowadays there is still a particular drug, which would be completely stopped the process of overgrowth of the prostate gland.And that surgical treatment is the most effective.
Method remove enlarged prostate through the urethra (transurethral resection of the prostate) is appointed in cases where the kidney function is not impaired.In the case of the running of the pathological process is performed retropubic prostatectomy or transvesical.
Enlarged prostate can change not only the sexual life of men.Advanced forms of the disease are dangerous to human life.We must remember all the men after 50 years, that one day spent for preventive visits to the doctor-urologist, can save lives!