How much time do we spend in public places and under time pressure?Today, these figures are more dependent on the fertility and mortality statistics, because we spend more and more time traveling, at work, sitting, so we often forget about hygiene.Fashion imposes on us "cold" and not heat tracing things, public toilets, many sedentary work and disruption of heating or hot water - all this becomes a cause of serious diseases, ailments.That is why it is worth remembering about the infections that harm our urogenital system, and one of them - a pyelonephritis.This disease has a certain characteristic of her symptoms, but to understand it, it is necessary to understand the disease.
pyelonephritis - a kidney disease that is inflammatory in nature.The main factor, which becomes a cause for the disease - a pathogenic microflora, as which can act different as Gram-positive, Gram-negative bacteria as well.If we analyze more deeply, it is a burning pyelocaliceal renal system (or kidney).
He becomes chronic, if t
The most common reason for the occurrence of pyelonephritis - two: the first reason - is hypothermia pelvic and general hypothermia, and the second - lack of attention to hygiene of genitals.For example, it often happens when staying in public places or places with a particular level of contamination of pathogenic microflora (public restrooms, showers, and so on) was the reason for the appearance of the urinary duct infection, because there is a microbial aerosol, which has become a cause for the infection.
most important thing to remember is that there is pyelonephritis in women and girls are six times more likely than men and boys, because the total length of the urinary flow in boys much more pathological and pathogenic microflora traveling on it before dying.For example, in women it is less variable and is 3-4 centimeters, and in boys between 18 and 25 centimeters, which is a significant barrier to the penetration of infection during freezing in boys but not in girls.Bacterial pathogens microflora pyelonephritis shows E. coli (Escherichia coli), also Proteuses (Proteus), different enterococci (Enterococcus), dangerous Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Pseudomonas aeruginosa), and various staphylococci (Staphylococcus).
There are two ways to enter painful microflora in humans:
They fall into the kidney or via the blood and transported into the chamber from any organism infection.Thus, falling in the kidneys, they begin to multiply and produce inflammation.It was moving along the wall of the ureter bacteria can get into the kidney dish.Then the illness begins with cystitis or urethritis, or general malaise, and then left untreated or not showing much painful symptoms, it travels above then called pyelonephritis rising, because the infection is "traveled" from the bottom up.
Pyelonephritis is no different from any other disease, but has some unique to itself signs and symptoms.What are the symptoms?
first - fever.
example, pyelonephritis, cystitis may start with, or urethritis - so you should treat such diseases.In another case, a sign may be an increase in temperature to 39-40 degrees Celsius, and be accompanied by a fever - with this we can conclude that pyelonephritis may begin after hypothermia, or any infectious disease, or viral infectious diseases (mycoplasmosis - mycoplasma isa symbiosis of virus and bacteria).
second - other co-morbidities.
Pyelonephritis can start and together with other diseases of the kidneys, such as accompanied urolithiasis, due to trauma mochetoka and kidney tissue and decreased immunity in connection with this, then perhaps infection.
third - malaise.
Usually, all the body's then go to fight the disease, or a reaction to the rise in temperature, so the overall condition of the patient - heavy, feeling of weakness, and nausea, sometimes vomiting, and general pallor.
fourth - frequent urination.
also the patient experiences pain during urination, and urinating - very frequent, sometimes in small portions, even for an hour may be about 5-8 urination when normal for the human body has a normal urination 5-7 per day.When urination is observed turbidity of urine, sometimes even visible specks of blood.
fifth - back pain.
the patient is pain in the back, especially in the lumbar region, may on the one hand, maybe a two.Pyelonephritis, cystitis that develops after and urolithiasis is a severe disease and immediately called chronic, then it is treated very carefully, for fear of the risk of remission.
general for pyelonephritis all these complaints - specific, they help your doctor determine that this is exactly what the disease.Usually, the pain radiating to the back, wearing a one-way or two-way, and an increase in temperature has become the main features of which doctors diagnosed as pyelonephritis.Then
respectively designate SPL common blood and urine tests, bacterial urine culture, less likely to use X-ray, cystoscopy and other blood tests.The most accurate pyelonephritis noticeable on the overall analysis of urine - increased protein and white blood cell count, traces of bacteria determined.erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) will be raised at the general analysis of blood, elevated white blood cell count and le ykotsitarnaya formula will be shifted to the right.
general, the disease itself is divided into three stages:
first phase - the initial and acute pyelonephritis is called.
At this stage of infection penetrating into the kidney pelvis or hematogenous or urinogennym way invades the interstitial kidney tissue and renal sinus fat.There are small abscesses, the analysis shows the presence of protein in the urine and bacterial traces, and at this stage is characterized by pain and nausea.The first stage is limited to changes in the structure of the kidney tissue.
second stage - chronic pyelonephritis, and it is accompanied by structural and functional changes in tissues, including the creation of festering and different strains.
If they manifest intense and interfere with the normal functioning of the kidneys - are possible even surgery until the removal of the kidney.Chronic stage is curable, but treatment - a complex and long, and the range of possible outcomes, when there is renal scarring, pyonephrosis and other changes.