nicotine addiction called a serious illness that can be cured, though, but without the application of maximum efforts to make it quite difficult.Physical dependence on nicotine is very high.This is a condition in which some of the physiological functions associated with the intake of substances contained in tobacco.Smoking a cigarette, a person experiences the pleasure associated with the action of the drug to certain receptors in the brain.However, in the absence of the drug the body begins to behave differently: acute pain sensitivity, reduced working capacity, that is, the body requires doping.In small doses nicotine has a stimulating effect on the autonomic nervous system.Regularly getting into the body, nicotine provokes a rapid heartbeat, increases blood pressure, narrows blood vessels and reduces appetite.Under the influence of nicotine increases blood cholesterol.In high doses, nicotine can cause paralysis of the ganglia of the autonomic nervous system.In addition to the physiological
smoking leads to psychological dependence.At smoker smoking habit is formed after a cup of coffee, while taking alcohol while talking on the phone while driving.And many can smoke only in these situations, and at other times to do without cigarettes.However, do not smoke at all can not.Thus, the psychological addiction is not created as many chemicals as the creation of an internal stereotype behavior.So to break this stereotype is the most difficult to quit smoking.Moreover, every smoker knows that smoking causes diseases such as bronchial asthma, chronic bronchitis, allergic rhinitis, heart problems, high blood pressure and cancer.
So, we found that the main causes of tobacco addiction is a physical and psychological dependence caused by nicotine - a poisonous alkaloid.Now let's look at the stage of nicotine addiction and their manifestation.
traditionally are divided nicotine dependence into three stages.However, there are two more in front of the main stages - preparation.The first of these occurs in about two or three years after the start of the use of cigarettes.This so-called occasional smoking, which is not yet considered to dependence.Smoker smokes every day, and from time to time - from 1 to 15 times per month.This intoxication symptoms expressed clearly enough.After smoked cigarettes occurs dizziness, weakness, mild nausea.The very process of smoking is accompanied by a cough.
Next stage is characterized by a regular smoke smoking up to 5 cigarettes per day, with no signs of toxicity or are manifested only when smoking the first cigarette.This stage lasts from three months to two years.After this period occurs the first stage chronic nicotine addiction.
At this stage, a person smokes 10 to 20 cigarettes per day, psychological dependence ukreplyaets - and the body is accustomed to nicotine, does not produce pronounced side effects.This stage lasts for about 7 years.
second stage comes when nicotine becomes a necessary part of the comfortable life of the organism.All responses to nicotine is perceived as normal and natural.The cough becomes a constant companion of the smoker, hypertension often occurs.This stage can last 20 years.
third stage of nicotine dependence is expressed in violation of health, and the reaction, which previously were excited by the action of nicotine, is now transformed into a depression.the smoking process itself grows to normal physiological processes, and the man pulls less nicotine as to the process of smoking.At this stage, a person smokes, even at night, because the nervous system is affected even after a slight nicotine starvation.
Regardless of the stage of nicotine addiction, overcome this addiction can each of us.However, to give up smoking without assistance can only 7% of smokers.The most popular method of self-giving up smoking is a sharp, final rejection, for example, by the method of Allen Carr.In second place - a gradual reduction in the number of cigarettes smoked.In third place was the medical method of quitting.
treatment of nicotine addiction medication method occurs in two stages.In the first step of treatment taking nikotinozameniteli that create constant blood nicotine concentration, but without a cigarette.Then the nicotine dose reduction until its complete abolition.Treatment usually takes 3 to 6 months.It may also be administered psychotherapy complete with drug therapy.
for treatment of nicotine addiction using nicotine patches, nicotine gum, nicotine sprays and inhalers.These drugs reduce the display of smoking cessation syndrome.Note, however, that these drugs are not a panacea, so the main tool in smoking cessation is your desire and the desire to overcome this addiction.
As for drugs that are designed to help you get rid of nicotine addiction, they are divided into two types: some contain nicotine and alkaloids, the second - no.The most popular-nicotine medications are "Tabeks", "Lobeline", "Gamibazin".The mechanism of action of these drugs is based on replacement therapy, which exerts influence on the body, similar to the effect of nicotine.At the same time during the treatment the body gradually withdraw from the process of smoking.Furthermore.Preparations are also able to create the effect of an overabundance of nicotine in the body, which is manifested by weakness, nausea and dizziness.
drugs without nicotine - a "Zyban", "varenicline" and "Varenicline" - affect the body as an antidepressant, creating a psychological comfort, which is important in the process of quitting.Incidentally, these drugs are the most effective in the treatment of nicotine addiction.
summed up our conversation today, I would like to note that nicotine addiction - a disease serious enough, which in most cases require outside help.However, do not be afraid that smoking cessation will take a lot of time and money - as a result you will have health and long life, which can not be bought for any money!
Good luck and excellent results!