Zinc is an essential trace mineral for the human body.This lustrous metal with a bluish tint, which is highly soluble in acid, alkali and alcohol, but insoluble in water.And also very flexible when exposed to high temperatures.Zinc is almost impossible to find in its pure form in nature, it is part of the ore and in a large quantity contained in the earth's crust.This metal is often used in medical and industrial field.The use of this trace element in medicine due to its significant role in the functioning of the human organism.He participates in numerous enzymatic reactions, provides a synthesis of proteins promotes an active metabolism of nucleic acids, as well as strengthens the body and helps it to fight against various infections and viruses.Zinc is particularly important in a period of growth and puberty.
very important trace element for the male body, as it enhances the activity of male germ cells (sperm) and prevents hormonal imbalances by suppressing unwanted activity of certain enzymes.During
men to use a sufficient amount of zinc, never faced with such unpleasant disease like prostate adenoma.The fact that the enzymes are suppressed by zinc can no longer adversely affect the prostate tissue.
Among other things, this trace element increases the body's immune defenses by actively participating in the formation of protective antibodies and lymphocyte development.Due to the effect of zinc in the cells significantly increases antimicrobial activity.Very important this metal for those who suffer from diabetes or a predisposition to the disease, as due to insulin it normalizes blood sugar.Adequate intake of zinc is an excellent prevention of myopia, because it improves visual acuity and promotes more rapid adaptation of the eyes to the darkness.It is also worth noting the high antioxidant properties of the metal.Yet it improves digestion and pancreas, as it is involved in the synthesis of the enzymes responsible for the body's ability to digest and absorb food.Zinc allows you to get rid of arthritis, rheumatism and other diseases of the joints.Without this it is impossible to trace elements normal muscle contraction, so it is very important for athletes.Together with B vitamins zinc has a positive effect on the nervous system, improves memory, reduces irritability, promotes concentration and improves mood.
cause of zinc deficiency may be genetic or congenital diseases.The most common causes are nucleoside phosphorylase activity reduction and exogenous origin nutritional deficiency (insufficient content of food), the excess salt food, sugar or protein.Infants can become a cause of earlier introduction in the diet of cow's milk.Up to 50% of zinc is lost during prolonged severe diseases, chronic stress also lead to huge losses burns muscle and bone tissue.The lack of this trace element in the body can occur due to prolonged use of medications, such as cortisone, cytostatics, D-histidine.Vegetarianism, excessive use of diuretics and alcohol are also causes of zinc deficiency, and excessive sweating removes from the body up to 3 mg in a day.
When zinc deficiency will occur: loss of appetite, anemia, allergies, frequent colds, dermatitis, weight loss and visual acuity as well as hair loss.This element increases the level of testosterone, but with its lack will be delayed sexual development of boys and loss of activity of sperm to fertilize an egg.In addition, when there is insufficient amount of it is very bad for a long time to heal the wounds and restores tissue after injury.
zinc overdose occurs when you receive more than 2 grams per day of the substance.Most often this occurs when increased use of dietary supplements, as a result there is tenderness of the stomach, nausea, possible vomiting, diarrhea, back pain and when urinating.
For adult men The recommended dose of application of this trace element is 15 mg.If higher concentrations are needed for the treatment of any disease, the dosage of zinc in complex compounds should be 15-20 mg for adult, and for children - 10.5 mg per day.Zinc is very important in sports, due to its ability to cleanse the body of harmful metabolic products oxidations.The daily requirement for athletes and depends on the load period.To develop speed and strength need 20-30 mg per day for moderate loads and 30-35 mg per day during the competition.If training aimed at improving stamina, it will take 25-30 mg of zinc per day, and during the period of competition - 35-40 mg.It is advisable to use zinc, along with magnesium and vitamin B6.If the daily dosage of zinc is 30 mg, it would take approximately 450 mg of magnesium and 10 mg vitamin B6.These values may vary somewhat depending on the athlete's weight class, and type of load, but the ratio between the materials should be preserved.
main source of the trace elements are the products of animal and vegetable origin.By vegetable sources of zinc include beans, walnuts and pine nuts, mushrooms, sesame, any grains, garlic, beets and potatoes.In addition, he found in pumpkin seeds, asparagus, apples, pears, plums, cherries, honey, in brewer's yeast, milk and mustard.
leader on the composition of the zinc in animal group is the oyster meat (more than 1000 mg per kg) and seafood.Then there are the fresh and dried meat and poultry, liver, eggs, fish, dried concentrate of pig's blood.However, remember that during the heat treatment of zinc collapses products.It should be noted that the meat products is much better absorbed by the body than vegetable.It is not surprising that in the countries in which prefer vegetarian food, zinc deficiency - a common phenomenon.Low income is also the reason for the limited consumption of animal sources of zinc.Perhaps the best way out of this situation would be the consumption of vitamin and mineral supplements.Even nutritious food is not always up for the daily requirement for zinc.Therefore, even a healthy person to maintain the body at a proper level is necessary to take extra minerals, particularly zinc.