Inguinal hernia is a very unpleasant disease among men, which can not be run, otherwise it will lead to rather unpleasant consequences.So, what is a hernia?First of all, it is a pathological condition characterized by loss of internal organs through the abdominal wall muscle lumens (umbilical hernia), the inner side of the thigh (femoral hernia) or through the inguinal canal (inguinal hernia).In no case be self-medicate, because the effects of an inguinal hernia for men, like any other, can be dire.
Typically, symptoms of inguinal hernia occur gradually, but in some cases the disease develops very rapidly.However, it is possible that not enough men attentive to their own health and therefore do not notice symptoms until they become too obvious.The main symptoms of inguinal hernia are: thickening of the spermatic cord, enlarged inguinal ring, a certain sense of discomfort when walking, swelling in the groin or groin, which may vary in size, and in the supine position disappears.It is also a sign of the d
If you missed out this time, and there was infringement of any of the bodies to be observed such symptoms: nausea, vomiting, bloody stool, prolonged constipation (may be a sign of bowel obstruction), pain in the groin, is gradually increasing.The most obvious feature is that in lying position the body becomes precipitated in place.Remember, the important thing is not to ignore the symptoms of an inguinal hernia, and not wait until all "will take place itself."Indifference to their health will not eliminate the disease, but only lead to complications.
is worth noting that if the time to diagnose the disease and begin treatment, the consequences will not arise at all.Therefore, you should know about the complications of inguinal hernia.This inflammation is most of a hernia, hernia infringing content, stool stagnation, and as a result of intestinal obstruction and inflammation of the ovary (ischemic orchitis).
No wonder that the disease occurs is in the groin, as this is the most unprotected part of the male body.The main causes of inguinal hernia are weakening and premature infants, heavy physical work, hereditary factors, as well as the weakened muscles and ligaments.Often the disease is confused with hydrocele.Indeed, in both cases, a tumor, but hydrocele like placed inside it, and is located at the top hernia.Furthermore, different tumors by touch (hernia is softer).
Usually, the diagnosis of inguinal hernia is no difficulty, hernial protrusion can be easily detected during physical examination.If neglected corresponding half scrotum men greatly increased in volume, its skin is stretched and the penis refuses to contralateral side (at very large hernia he does is hiding in the folds of the skin).On palpation the doctor assesses the size and shape of the hernia sac in the supine and standing position.When oblique hernia protrusion has a characteristic elongated shape and is often omitted in the scrotum.Round or oval formation is in the case of direct hernia, it is located in the medial part of the inguinal ligament, near the outer edge of the womb.
If the protrusion located above the place of the projection of the outer opening of the inguinal canal, in this case should be suspected okolopahovuyu or interwalled hernia.Two protrusions indicate the combined hernia.
diameter of the outer holes of the inguinal canal normally transmits only the fingertip, and inguinal hernia is increased to 2.3 cm or more.On examination, the surgeon, without removing your finger, ask the patient to cough or natuzhitsya.If the doctor feels jerky pressure on the top of his finger, then it is a positive symptom cough shock, the definition of which is very important in the diagnosis of the channel and the initial hernia.Women enter the finger is almost impossible, so you have to be limited to the collection of history, visual inspection and palpation hernia.
inguinal hernias can be removed only by surgery.The most common procedures are the removal of the hernia sac and at the same time strengthening the inguinal canal through the plastic local tissues or plastics using polypropylene mesh graft.The operation is performed under local or general anesthesia.
Recently time in medicine also use laparoscopic hernia repair techniques, which gained its popularity due to the small trauma, a short period of rehabilitation and cosmetic effect.The disadvantages of this method are the mandatory use of general anesthesia and a high risk of damage to the intra-abdominal organs and blood vessels.The positive effect of the operation is recommended to secure it with the set of exercises to strengthen the muscles of the abdominal wall.Training can start as soon as no longer limited physical activity.To strengthen the abdominal muscles, it is necessary to carry out a circular side movement feet in the supine position (with a hernia slightly holding back).Very effective torsion "pedals" lying on his back or the exercise "scissors".To strengthen the oblique abdominal muscles should be carried out this exercise.It should lie on your back, legs bent at the knees and make hands behind his head, and then try the elbow of the right hand to touch the left knee.Changing hands, repeat the exercise at least 50 times.
Remember, at the first sign of an inguinal hernia should immediately see a specialist.