One of the most common manifestations of diseases of the cardiovascular system is a small-focal myocardial infarction heart.Very rarely microinfarcts lead to death, but they are the harbingers of a massive heart attack, in which you can save lives only if urgent surgical intervention.Until quite recently, this disease occurs in men between the ages of 40 to 60 years, but cardiovascular disease tend to reduce the age limit, so in the last 5 years diagnosed with a minor heart attack is diagnosed more often people who are younger than 30 years.
main cause of atherosclerosis is considered a minor heart attack.If the blood contains some excess fat (cholesterol and other lipids), they will be deposited in the wall of a large artery in atherosclerotic plaques.Plaque, respectively, and the inner membrane of the heart arteries, may at any time to crack, overstrain.At this point, blood clots are formed, which close the artery.As a result, the blood flow stops, heart cells begin to die, and evolving myocardial inf
The risk group includes men who have relatives who happened early heart attacks.Also causes of this disease are: high blood cholesterol, smoking, excessive emotional stress, overweight, poor diet and a sedentary lifestyle, high blood pressure (over 140/90 mm Hg at any age..), And diabetes mellitus.
minor heart attack in men characterized by very severe symptoms, which is enough for timely access to medical care.The main symptom of the disease is sudden pain in the chest, extending to the stomach or in the arm on the left side.Many men who have had a myocardial infarction, claiming that pain have an acute, compressing character, while there is a strong feeling of a lump in the breast.The pain may last even several hours.
External signs include cyanosis of the lips and fingers, that is blue.Sick but not limited throws in a cold sweat, and dramatically grow cold hands and feet.This pulse palpation veins hardly detectable.Sometimes, due to a minor heart attack develops severe necrosis of tissues, in this case, the man may appear unmotivated fear, sweating and increased body temperature to 38 degrees.
extremely rare disease is almost asymptomatic.In this case, the victim feels a sharp attack of acute pain in the left side of the chest.The man who survived a minor heart attack with minimal symptoms, for several hours or days may experience mild discomfort in the chest.
Common symptoms of a hidden flow microinfarction include general weakness and malaise, decreased performance, headaches and fatigue.To diagnose the pathology in this case, only after a series of medical research.When atypical course of the disease are observed symptoms: shortness of breath and a slight dizziness, which can cause loss of consciousness.Also can still occur aching pain in the abdomen.
microinfarction infarction should be treated promptly men, otherwise it can lead to congestive heart failure, cardiogenic shock, heart failure, cardiac arrhythmias and other dangerous conditions.
If you notice in yourself or your loved ones have the above symptoms, you should immediately call an ambulance.Before arrival of the doctor you will need to provide first aid, namely to give people comfortably sitting or lying position, give Nitroglycerin (it resolves under the tongue) and Corvalol (30-40 drops inside).
Even with the slightest suspicion of a minor heart attack patient, it is desirable to deliver to the hospital as soon as possible.Be the clinical picture of such help medical research: ECG, blood pressure monitoring using a tonometer and color ultrasound of the heart.Treatment must be conducted in the intensive care department of a hospital.Therapy usually involves painkillers, drugs that promote dissolution of the thrombus formed, and drugs that reduce blood pressure, reduce blood volume and lower the heart rate.Keep in mind that the effectiveness of the treatment in the first place depends on the time elapsed since the onset of the disease before reaching the hospital.
to return to normal life without movement restrictions need rehabilitation after a minor heart attack.But it is advisable to do so under a doctor's supervision, because he, considering individual characteristics, allergies and related diseases, prescribe appropriate treatment.
for rehabilitation often use folk remedies, and because the official medicine for the treatment of diseases of the heart and apply tincture preparations of valerian, lily of the valley, motherwort, hawthorn, and belladonna.Do not forget at rehabilitation and physical exercise, but strictly metered.A set of exercises is chosen individually.In most cases, recommend the walk up the stairs, at first very slowly, following the rhythm of breathing, gradually reaching the normal recovery rate.More help exercise bike, walking and swimming.In any case, all classes must begin with very small loads, and only after the measurement parameters pressure and heart rate, you can gradually increase the pace.
To prevent repeated microinfarcts, it is desirable to give up bad habits, monitor the pressure and time to adjust it, as well as the level of cholesterol in the blood.It is very effective in reducing the pressure charges of Leonurus, mint, valerian and hops.Raspberry thins the blood, it can be used instead of aspirin, which is usually taken with thick blood.It should include in your diet some foods that are beneficial to the heart.This is bananas, olive oil, nuts, garlic, salmon, celery, beets, carrots, tomatoes, cabbage, yogurt and cottage cheese.In addition, it is advisable to undergo regular medical examinations.It is also an excellent prevention of the disease is timely adequate therapy of chronic diseases such as coronary heart disease, hypertension, atherosclerosis and others.And after 40 years, men are encouraged to take drugs that support the heart muscle and reduce the possible negative factors are not quite right living.