Snoring is a fairly common problem that brings a lot of inconvenience to people suffering from this disease and their associates.Probably everyone at least once in life was snoring, but men are more susceptible to this phenomenon than women.The fact is that the representatives of the strong half of humanity prevails abdominal breathing.According to statistics, snoring affects more than 45% of men older than 30 years.
Problem snoring is not only a social but also medical.Temple reduces the possibility of human intelligence, and sometimes is a symptom of a serious condition such as obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS).In this case, due to violation of the airway episodes of snoring during the night can be repeatedly interrupted breathing stops during which man's body is experiencing oxygen starvation.Patients with this syndrome several times increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases.They often happen stroke seizures and a heart attack, high blood pressure is more common, reduced potency, severe day
There are several main causes of snoring in men.First of all, it is obesity.Experts say that if the body mass index greater than 30 (mild obesity), the risk of snoring increases 8-12 times.With an increase in body weight not only increases the incidence of snoring and OSA.People with grade 3 obesity (BMI greater than 40) is approximately 60% of cases are diagnosed severe OSA.
Another common cause of this unpleasant phenomenon is the use of alcohol.Alcohol decreases muscle tone.The soft palate and the throat under the influence of its fully relax during sleep, resulting in a narrowed lumen airway, snoring arises.It is worth noting that if a man's snoring, and without the use of alcohol, after its reception situation can only get worse: there are pauses in breathing (OSA).In addition, the brain intoxicated slowly recovers breath, which further exacerbates the situation.A person does not breathe, his brain and thus it does not react.This situation is extremely dangerous.
similar effect have sedation (primarily Phenazepam and other means of group): they relax the muscles, which causes snoring and obstructive sleep apnea in men, they aggravate respiratory disorders.In addition, in the use of hypnotics is deteriorating brain response to hypoxia, resulting from the stronger sex with OSAS enhanced oxygen starvation of the brain, heart and other organs.
chronic injuries of the respiratory tract causes and smoking.As a result of nicotine occurs swelling of the airways, which causes respiratory disorders.In the dream, when the throat muscles relax, edematous tissue further reduce airway.
Almost every fourth man suffering from snoring diagnosed allergic rhinitis - is a disease in which allergen exposure leads to a runny nose and nasal congestion.It is also common causes of snoring are a deviated septum, nasal polyps, adenoids and tonsils increase.On the way to the light in all of these cases there is a mechanical barrier that prevents the full breath.
Among the causes of snoring can be noted and developmental abnormalities, such as: congenital narrowness of the nasal passages, the excess tissue of the soft palate, uvula elongated, and a small lower jaw (micrognathia).The natural cause of snoring is aging.Muscles with age lose their tone, the soft tissues of the pharynx sag in the airway lumen, blocking it.Due to the relaxed beats the walls of the pharynx each other snoring occurs.If the air jet can not expand the airways so that there was a breath or breath, respiratory arrest occurs.
Another cause of snoring in men can be called hypothyroidism - deficiency of thyroid hormones.Lowering of thyroid function leads to obesity, edema of the nasal mucosa and the oropharynx.Due to the decrease in muscle tone and sag weakened soft tissue.All these factors provoke the development of snoring and obstructive sleep apnea in men with hypothyroidism.
Snoring necessarily need to be treated, and not only because it brings a lot of inconvenience to the snorer and his family, but also because it can be dangerous to health and life.Even with milder forms of snoring body and brain during sleep rest is defective, it can cause the development of neurosis and neurasthenia.In severe forms of snoring accompanied stops breathing, there is hypoxia (oxygen starvation) of the brain and body tissues.As already mentioned, it may lead to development of diseases of the cardiovascular system, as well as several times increases the risk of strokes and heart attacks.
In any case, such an unpleasant phenomenon should apply to the otolaryngologist to determine its cause.If there are upper respiratory tract infection, they need the right treatment, but then the problem of snoring can be solved by itself.You can get rid of your own, you only need to follow some guidelines from mild snoring.First of all, it is necessary to normalize body weight, will still have to give up smoking and alcohol, as well as eating at least 3 hours before bedtime.Need to sleep at least 7-8 hours a day, and best of all on his side.Such measures can be enough to get rid of snoring occurring periodically.To improve the muscle tone of the soft palate and throat, as well as to reduce dryness and sore throat, arising from snoring, well help such drugs as lozenges and nasal spray Snorstop Asonor.Such drugs should not take more than a month, and their effect lasts only during the reception.For best results, it is desirable to perform regular exercises to tone the muscles of the soft palate (whistling, singing).
There are also special tools to improve the airway during sleep.When narrow nasal passages are very effective so-called nosorasshiriteli that are springing stickers on the nose wings.A more serious and expensive device resembles a boxing protective insert.This insertion is made for each person individually, which is why it has such a high cost.She moves a bit forward the lower jaw, thus increasing the airway.
If snoring is accompanied by sleep apnea syndrome, in this case, the only effective treatment is a CPAP therapy.In this method, using a special device is constantly maintained a positive pressure in the airway of the patient.Due to this normal breath device that prevents snoring.It should be noted that with this method of treatment is necessary to wear a mask during sleep, but sometimes it's the only way to get rid of this trouble.
extremely rare to eliminate snoring surgical treatment.As a result of surgery reduces the size of the soft palate, and eliminated its sagging during relaxation, which is a common cause of snoring.However, surgery is not always effective and sometimes can lead to complications.
As you can see, there are now many methods to deal with snoring.It is necessary to see a specialist, and he will select the optimal treatment regimen.