Myocardial infarction is a serious disease of the cardiovascular system.After suffering an attack, and the operation on a man waiting for stenting long period of rehabilitation.At this time, we should take measures aimed at accelerating the healing and prevention of recurrent heart attacks.An important factor that contributes to the restoration of the heart and blood vessels, is a proper diet.Remember that regular violations of the diet can completely neutralize the healing effect of drug therapy.
after myocardial infarction men need to be your daily diet based on a few important rules.First of all, the diet should contain a minimum amount of fat.It is necessary to completely eliminate from the diet of animal fats (butter, fat, cream, sour cream), can be added only in food animal fats (olive oil, corn oil and sunflower oil).The need to monitor the rehabilitation process and amount of protein.To cover the daily needs of the male body in protein, is enough to eat 200 grams of low fat cottage cheese and a
At night you can not consume more than 5 grams of salt, and in the first days after a heart attack and did abandon it.The fact that the salt increases blood pressure and increases the load on the cardiovascular system, and in postinfarction period may trigger a relapse of the disease.Men who have had a heart attack have permanently abandon sausages, canned food, smoked meat, coffee, strong tea, sweet soda and alcoholic beverages, confectionery, hot sauces, chips, greasy and fried food.In addition, care should be taken to avoid foods which contain cholesterol in their composition.This, for example, fat, fat meat, cod liver oil, egg yolks and offal (liver, kidneys, brain, heart, guts).Moderate amounts of cholesterol containing foods such as saltwater fish, chicken, rabbit and turkey, low-fat milk products, vegetable oils and egg white.Absolutely no cholesterol in fruits, berries and vegetables.
required in the daily menu to include fresh fruits and vegetables.Especially useful to use products that are rich in potassium and magnesium: bananas, avocados, apricots, apricots, grapes, raisins, melons and watermelons.From vegetables is extremely beneficial for the heart squash, cabbage and beets, tomatoes and baked potatoes.The patient should not eat fried potatoes, mushrooms, radishes, radish, sorrel and spinach.All dishes must be boiled, stewed or steamed.
In the first days after a heart attack is very important to proper nutrition.Scarring may take up to 3 weeks, so that these days can only eat low-fat light meal, such as dairy products, light soups and vegetable broths.It is also possible to carry liquid, boiled porridge.It should be completely excluded from the diet of salt.Some nutritionists recommend at this time to drink a glass of carrot juice with the addition of a spoon of vegetable oil.
People who are overweight can not eat fatty and fried dishes.Remember that a lot of weight causes high blood pressure, which can lead to atherosclerosis.In the first month after myocardial infarction should be completely excluded and pastry dishes with sugar and fat.With these simple rules man not only lose weight but also reduce cholesterol figures.After a heart attack need low-calorie food: Diet cereal, fruit or vegetable puree, tea and honey.During this period, should be excluded from the diet salt, grapes, grilled and smoked foods, dairy products and legumes, coarse fiber, tomatoes (tomato and ketchup), as well as mushrooms and baking.
If a man after a heart attack was carried out surgery with stenting (stenting), then these days you need to eat small meals 6-7 times a day, the last time no later than 3 hours before bedtime.In no case can not drink tea and coffee, spices, chocolate, alcohol and butter.Daily caloric should be no more than 1100 kcal.Remember, you need to eat more carbohydrates and less fat.
After discharge from the hospital, the patient begins rehabilitation period.If Cardiology for his diet followed by the attending physician, and now the diet is controlled by the patient and his family.You can reduce the number of meals to four, but dinner should be no later than 2 hours before bedtime.If on an empty stomach does not get to sleep, nutritionists advise men to drink before bedtime glass of nonfat yogurt (or yogurt).During the week you can eat no more than 3 eggs.Gradually, the diet can be introduced fruit, vegetables, meat and fish specialties, various cereals and bread from wheat flour.This is not to eat anything salty, fatty and fried.Daily caloric has increased to 2,000 kcal.It is also important to monitor the blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
In addition, the rehabilitation period not forget to monitor the amount of fluids you drink.The body, which is recovering from a heart attack, do not need the excess moisture, as it will provide an additional load on the cardiovascular system of man.At night you can drink no more than 1.5 liters, including liquid food.
to diversify the diet menu can include the following courses in the diet.For example, very useful salad of carrots.Carrots are a source of vitamin A, contains a large amount of antioxidants and perfectly lowers cholesterol levels in the blood.Therefore, after infarct menu be sure to include dishes from carrots.To prepare this salad, you need to grate carrots on a grater, then add mashed with sugar or sea buckthorn currants, walnuts, and then fill with vegetable oil.
can also cook beetroot ragout and beans.Beets should be cut into medium-sized strips and stew in vegetable oil until soft.Then add to it the onion, carrots and boiled beans and cook until ready.The result is a very tasty, healthy and satisfying meal.You can still prepare homemade yogurt.To this end, a half-liter jar of warm boiled milk need to add kefir fungus and leave for a day in a warm place.One day removed from milk thickened mushroom and fermented milk in the refrigerator.The resulting yogurt, you can add a tablespoon of pureed with sugar currant or raspberry.
after myocardial infarction proper nutrition should be the norm.It helps to restore the patient's heart and prevent relapses.Men who are watching their diet and do not use harmful for the heart and vascular products, successfully cope with a heart attack and will soon return to normal life.