Nowadays, many are interested in how our body functions.Particularly interested in how our body changes under the influence of such a common alcohol, nicotine, and how this affects the administrative human rights and health.Today, a driving license may pick up only because the blood alcohol level is greater than one hundredth ppm standards.Therefore, for self-drivers should know the facts about the endogenous body produces alcohol.What is it?
Alcohol - alcohol is a common name, but mostly under this concept realize ethyl alcohol.Basically it is a colorless, volatile liquid that boils at 80 degrees, with a bitter taste and not very pleasant smell.This alcohol is often used in the manufacture of thermometers as retainer living organisms, a good solvent or as a fuel.Ethanol can be obtained by fermentation of certain bacteria that produce alcohol, via hydrolysis of wood, cellulose products and the fermentation of plants (wheat, maize or other plants).Often the alcohol is used in medicine as antiseptic, as i
When ingested alcohol begins to rapidly spread through the bloodstream, and then it spread throughout the body.Typically, the alcohol is oxidized with other substances in the liver, and remains so the urine output, only 10% of that got into the body.The rest of the alcohol accumulated in the liver, the brain and the reproductive system.In the body, it can cause necrosis of certain cells and causes tissue destruction.In addition, ethanol can cause hemolysis - the process of destruction of red blood cell membrane, which lose their charge and can no longer carry oxygen transfer function.However, in the first few minutes of oxygen fed intensively, because at first alcohol stimulates the blood vessels and enhances them, making red blood cells absorb more oxygen, the result is a state of euphoria.Any alcohol is a cause of death of many cells, some of which goes along with the urine, but brain cells excrete can not.Dead cells will accumulate in one area, forming scars and wounds.With a large number of such cells the brain shrinks, serous cavities are filled with a substance in the brain occur mini-strokes and changes at the cellular level are displayed in the cytoplasm and nucleus.
endogenic alcohol is called a concentration of ethanol, which is constantly in the human body under the influence of certain factors.This concentration can vary between 0.04-0.15 ml per 100 ml of blood.Many people ask, how did this rather big concentration?
This can be explained by the fact that in the lower compartment of the gastrointestinal tract fermentation processes always occur, and occurs via microbial fermentation of sugar.When it begins to break down to simple sugars in the alcohol liberated during the reaction, it starts to be absorbed by the mucosa and into the bloodstream to the liver.In this way and increases the blood alcohol level under the influence of normal digestive processes.Several improve ethyl alcohol in the blood can be products such as kefir, kvass, ayran, mare's milk and many dairy products, as well as the natural fermentation products of bacteria.
two kinds of endogenous alcohol should be distinguished: a truly endogenous and conditionally endogenous.The first is an alcohol, which is released directly into the cells of the body, regardless of external factors.Ethanol was isolated cells that have a particular ingredient - alcohol dehydrogenase which is present in the cells of almost all organs.Especially a lot of it is contained in the liver, so it is the main organ that produces endogenous ethanol.A conditionally endogenous alcohol produced subsequently receiving certain kinds of food, or under the influence of diseases.
This type of alcohol is simply necessary for our body, because it is a source of energy, besides, he is involved in the processes of adaptation and helps to resist stress situations.Scientists have proved that after strong shocks, motor vehicle accidents and injuries in the blood alcohol content is reduced significantly.alcohol level in the blood is also determined by physical exertion and hypothermia.Positive emotions also stimulate endogenous quantitative level of alcohol in the body.Significantly increase the level of endogenous ethanol can be diseases such as chronic obstructive bronchitis, diabetes, certain types of diseases of the nervous system, liver and kidneys, which in practice may mean actually exceeded the permissible norms.This means that you can not operate a vehicle without a documented medical testimony.In addition, oxygen deficiency may also cause a significant temporary increase in the level of alcohol in the blood, which is similar to decision 100-200 g of vodka.
determine the alcohol level in blood and urine is difficult.The most common gas chromatography with a flame ionization detector and a method alkylnitrite.Basically it is the breathing tubes that work so that getting alcohol molecules on the sensor ceases reason for the change indicators on the display.By type of construction of the sensors may be different, but the perception of the scheme at all one and the same.The results of these studies may indicate a blood alcohol content of more than 0.15 ppm, but less than 0.04 ppm will not be able to determine.Basically endogenous ethanol is not more than 0.18 ppm, this means that it is located on the borders of the best sensitivity for medical devices.Measurement uncertainty of the majority of devices is approximately plus or minus 0.1 ppm, and reliable measurement range starts at 0.3 ppm.It is worth noting that the endogenous alcohol for most people does not affect the influence of alcohol as a preliminary, and more accurate medical testimony on the results of laboratory research.
Remember that before you get behind the wheel, it is better not to drink alcohol for at least a day.It is also necessary to pay attention to the instructions in the drug, as a reference to the content of ethyl alcohol is a serious reason for not driving.
Children of alcoholics often suffer from a lack of natural endogenous formation of ethanol due to altered metabolism in the womb of the mother.This is strongly reflected in their development, which manifests itself as a gap in the mental, physical and social terms.